6. After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the Cultipack after seeding with grain drills not equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding to ensure good seed-soil contact and hasten germination and emergence. Below you will find first a summary table of the most recent Tennessee data, followed by a breakdown by location. That's per year with more than one cutting per season. Production and cutting frequency are greatly affected by soil moisture, soil temperature, soil fertility, and disease incidence. I have no use for alfalfa. [4.0 tons x (100% - 15% moisture)] = 3.4 tons of dry forage]. While the 3-yr total for each variety remains statistically Grass-alfalfa mixtures dry faster than pure alfalfa. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. 60# of N was applied at green-up. The 1st cut of grass hay will yield ~ 1/2 to 2/3 of the seasonal total, with less yield from the 2nd (and 3rd (assuming decent summer rainfall) Don't expect much hay in the seeding/planting year, and maybe only 1/2 to 2/3 of the potential yield in the year after seeding ( … Ohio State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, Ohio. If soil fertility is low, a large proportion of the total production of orchardgrass occurs in spring, whereas with … I've heard everything from 3.5 to 7 tons per acre for alfalfa but nothing for grass hay. That's with 3 cuttings of the grass hay and 4 cuttings of the alfalfa. Top dressings with lime, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) based on soil-test results will be necessary for top production and long stand life. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Orchardgrass yield difference can be significant. Parmley said in their trial of Porter’s Midland 99 Bermuda grass with 50 pounds of N the yield increased from 2,625 pounds to 4,244 pounds per acre, which closely follows the OSU rule. This will enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of harvesting top quality forage. While this trial isn't showing statistical difference between the entries, we are pleased to report the highest numeric yielding Orchardgrass is adapted to the better well-drained soils and is especially well adapted for mixtures with legumes such as alfalfa or red clover (Table 1). Arlington. Orchardgrass and tall fescue will provide the highest yields. for the next four years, including one drought year (2008). The total yield for all four years placed Persist at 8% higher in yields over Potomac. Neighbor has one horse on a 5 acre pasture, unfertilized, and it keeps up with grazing the grass down. Ohio State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, Ohio. = $1050. climate. Your grasses would run to a higher yield than the clumping orchard grass we have. Heavy grazing during October can lead to depleted root reserves and increased winter injury. The average yield for the period 2000 through 2009 crop years was 21.5 tons per acre, ranging from a low of 18.1 tons per acre in 2001 to a high of 25.9 tons per acre in 2008. obtained for five years. Average yearly yields are around 6.5 tons/acre. This is probably associated with the endophyte problem in older varieties of tall fescue. The 13 varieties were evaluated for yield, stand percentage, maturity timing, disease incidence, spring regrowth, and fall regrowth. Adapted from V. L. Lechtenberg et. (50 to 1300 kg). However, because it becomes coarse and less palatable as it matures, it is best suited for pastures. 2018 Conditions. Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. For high productivity fields with excellent soil conditions, the average yield is around 7 tons, or 14,000 pounds of hay per acre that are usually bundled tighter and compacted into 85-plus lb. use across the state, in any soil condition and any location! This is consistent with data from Kentucky and Tennessee. The Mead site was non-irrigated and received had the highest yields of all the commercial varieties. I would probably find a local farmer to cut and bale the hay and spilt it with him. We grow and sell orchard grass seed. I realize it depends on a lot of different factors - type of grass, weather, etc. Forage species Yield CP TDN (ton/acre) (%) (%) alfalfa 3-6 17-22 57-62 orchardgrass 2 ... a mixture of a grass and legume usually produces high-quality hay. If soil fertility is low, a large proportion of the total production of orchardgrass occurs in spring, whereas with proper fertility and split applications of nitrogen, aftermath production may contribute from 35 to 65 percent of total production. It will generally persist longer than the other cool-season grasses in frequently cut, properly managed, alfalfa mixtures. Since orchardgrass is a high-quality grass, it can be grazed by most classes of livestock. A further clarification Top yields (intensive farming) can exceed 40 tons per hectare or 16 tons per acre per year. I appreciate any info. Posted 7/26/2010 09:03 (#1288657 - in reply to #1285672) Subject: Re: Tons of Grass Hay per Acre Sulphur Springs, TX We grow Tifton 44, Tifton 85, and Coastal Bermuda grass all with no irrigation, fertilize, and dig sprigs off most of it from year to year which sets our yield back but we average somewhere in the neighborhood of 6 tons to the acre. This trial showed a statistical difference in yield between various varieties, with Persist performing equal to the top variety, In the fall of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Spring Hill, TN. The second year, total rainfall was 21.9" plus an additional 20" of irrigation. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, grass which does not have rhizomes or stolons (bunch-type grass). For more data visit the Penn State University by clicking here. Does anybody have any info on the following? In addition to variation in yield among varieties, ... applied at the rate of 50 pounds per acre prior to seeding. Ohio Yield Data. Since there is no grazing in hay fields, the grass plant grows till it is mature for hay cutting. View our privacy policy. Grasses and grass mixtures, whether grown for hay or pasture, are perennial crops. Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. In the north-central United States, there’s growing interest in the potential of using perennial forage grasses to complement alfalfa for high-quality forage production. A simplified version is to multiply the weight in kg by 16.7 e.g. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. These include soils with good water holding capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational grazing. variety was Persist and produced 22% more hay than the lowest entry. Orchardgrass responds well to nitrogen fertilization and is very compatible with legumes in a mixture. Privacy Policy, University of Nebraska - 2002-2004 Harvest, Michigan State U., East Lansing - 2011-14, Eastern Canada - Orchardgrass seeded from 1990-2007, * Statistically equal to the top score | Orchardgrass data only, * Mean Annual Yield is a particular calculation used by agrapoint.ca to compare varieties evaluated over different time periods in order to predict potential yields. mixed stand, sometimes dramatically (up to 8 ton per acre). We base nitrogen fertilizer guidelines on the expected yield. Timothy hay in the Pacific Northwest is primarily grown for export to Japan to be used for feed in dairy herds. PA researchers' OARDC's website The trial was seeded April 3rd, 2004 on silty-clay loam. Every year, the University of Kentucky (UKY) reports results from their individual trials. Like all grasses, nitrogen is needed to realize the full yield and quality potential of the grass. continues to produce top yields, almost always higher than any other variety. measured by the number of acres used to grow any agricultural species, hay is the #1 crop in Virginia . The total yield for all four years placed Persist at 8% higher in yields The performance of the orchardgrass varieties was … The following calculations, using Persist and Potomac illustrate how Persist provides more profit for hay producers: Profit. Then multiply 43.56 by the pounds of grass seed for each 1,000 square feet to get the amount of grass seed needed per acre. and out-yielding the lowest entry by 53%! Without irrigation, you can expect yields of 2 tons per acre when grasses are grown on sandy soils where moisture is usually limited. The trial was seeded April 20th, 2004. Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. Do you cut pre bloom if possible or let some bloom before cutting? LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Download PDF Save For Later Print Purchase Print. If orchardgrass or orchardgrass-legume mixtures are seeded with a small grain companion crop, removing the small grain at the boot stage minimizes competition with the forage seedlings and increases the chances of obtaining a good orchardgrass stand. When seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the two should mature at about the same time. There are an estimated 7 to 7.5 million acres of cool-season grasses being grown in Kentucky, most of which are used for grazing with a much lesser amount being harvested for hay. Harvest at 4 tons/acre of Potomac with market value (MV*) of hay at $110/ton: $440 ; Harvest at 4.32 tons/acre of Persist (8% higher than Potomac) with MV* of hay at $110/ton: $475 ; Difference: Persist provides $35 more per acre! When there isn’t enough nutrition, you may end up with just one plant per crown and several weeds, however, when you supply plant nutrients at the proper time, the crown develops new tillers that fill up the space and hence gives you more hay at harvest time. Grass/alfalfa mixes year in and year out shine in yield per acre. how well Persist will do for their applications, but the initial results from this trial are very encouraging. Seed at the rate of 8 to 12 lb per acre. It is important to realize that hay produced No hay fed, but ground feed. What is the average ton/acre for timothy or orchard grass? Dryland harvests are not common, but would only be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation. Pacific Northwest (PNW): Typically harvested four times per year. The best species to select depends on the goal one has for the field. High yields and extra persistence is what makes Persist 60# Compared to many cool-season grasses, orchardgrass establishes easily and is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a lot of success. In western Oregon, low productivity hay pastures typically average around 2 tons, or 4,000 lbs. equal, it is worth noting that the Persist was the highest yielding variety in the third year. Tons of Grass Hay per Acre Jump to page : 1 ... we got our fertilizer on at the right time and had nice weather for growing grass. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. 25" of moisture the first year and 27" the second year. We grow and sell orchard grass seed. Conception rate of the cows was 18 percentage points higher on the orchardgrass pastures. can be provided by. Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for a grass growing with a legume can be reduced by 40 to 60 percent, compared to nitrogen recommendations for a grass growing without legumes. Yields are reduced during years of drought. All of these forages can be used success-fully for hay. Comparison of 2015 grass yields with historic Our neighbor did the baling & the bales varied in length substantially - the shortest to the longest varied probably 25% in length. of improving yield per acre through use of better forage varieties is an important component RR variety average was 3.16, ranging from 3.06 of profitability. In the 2004 Urbana, IL grass trial, five orchardgrass varieties have been entered. Our yields were: Timothy hay: 4.8 tons to the acre, Orchard/brome/timothy mixture: 3.25 tons to the acre. of the trial - indicating longer persistence than the other cultivars. If the trial continued on for multiple the first year. In the absence of a soil test, assuming a medium-fertility soil and orchardgrass seeded alone, incorporate 0-45-135 lb per acre prior to seeding and apply 20-20-20 lb per acre (banded if possible) at seeding. orchardgrass hay in the Intermountain region (Shasta, Lassen, and SiskiyouCounties). 1975 Indiana Beef-Forage Research Day Report, Purdue University 1975. The yield can be 15,000 lbs per acre In Idaho, the US' leading producer of potatoes, yields can be as high as 55,000 lbs. historic yield 2015 yield . In the Upper Midwest, our choice for the main grass companion to alfalfa is tall fescue (TF), esp. Equation: Estimated 4 tons per acre yield of 16% moisture hay at $200 per ton = $800 per acre value for all three cuttings; minus buyer’s cost of harvest and weather risk at $324 per acre assuming three cuttings (Table 1); equals the buyer’s maximum pay price: $476 per acre for three cuttings ($800 - $324 = $476). By dividing this figure by 2.4, you get an output per acre figure of 10 tonne. 4,000 lb./65 lb. Orchard grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are grown, mixed, and marketed with orchard grass seeds that we produce. variety during the last two or three cuts. Good quality orchard grass/alfalfa hay brings a price comparable to good quality alfalfa while very good quality grass/alfalfa bring prices comparable to … over Potomac. for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . Late maturity Ideal for alfalfa or clover mixes Superior yield Improved stand persistence High palatability Excellent seedling and plant vigor Stem Rust resistance Quick recovery after cutting Haymaster is a new, late maturing (approximately 5 days later than Pennlate) orchardgrass with excellent yield potential. Since orchardgrass is a high-quality grass, it can be grazed by most classes of livestock. Additionally, this trial received For example, if you have a grass seed mixture that recommends 4 lb per 1,000 square feet, then you would need 43.56 x 4 = 174.24 lb of grass seed per acre. The effect of age of Tifton-44 bermudagrass hay on yield and quality1. By comparison, aftermath of timothy with similar management and fertility contributes about 20 percent of the total production. Aftermath growth can be harvested at 4-to 6-week intervals. You can expect yields of 4 or more tons of dry matter per acre under certain conditions. Yields of Persist exceeded that of the mean every year. Several varieties of orchardgrass have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials. a great choice for Tennessee. That's a bunch of hay! It is also worth noting that in 2008, the drought year, Persist The North Plate site was irrigated and received 17" of rain plus 23.6" of irrigation Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. Since one acre = 43,560 square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square feet by 43,560 to get 43.56. Photo: Charma Comer, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service. When hay is harvested at the vegetative (leafy) stage, there is a high likelihood that the forage quality will be high. Timothy hay is Washington state’s largest- and highest-valued grass hay commodity. For highest quality and high yielding hay, orchardgrass should be harvested in spring during boot stage. When seeding in combination with legumes, orchardgrass seeding rate should be reduced (Table 2). If I chose to clear more and plant with hay in mind how much can I expect to get per acre. Orchardgrass is responsive to fertilizer, especially nitrogen (N), and becomes very competitive when adequate nutrients are available. Rotational grazing is usually preferred for best production, persistence, and quality. Arlington. While other varieties out-performed Persist in North Platte, under good irrigation and rainfall, no other variety had a higher yield score Hay - approximate yield per acre I have 22 acres of which I am in the slow process of clearing for a house site and horse pastures. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. Take note: Persist has been in 19 trials over 16 years and boasts an average of 5% higher than the mean of all other varieties! Late summer seedings, however, have been most successful in Pennsylvania. According to Oregon State University Extension Service, an acre may yield between 65 to 165 small bales of hay per cutting, with up to three cuttings per year. In a three-year study at Purdue University, animal performance was compared when grazing orchardgrass and tall fescue (Table 5). Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence.~~~ Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. $130 to 160/acre. Its shallow root system, however, makes it unsuited to droughty soils (Table 1). Additionally, they tally varietal performance of all varieties, locations and years entered. historic yield 2015 yield . In the 2004 Rock Springs, PA grass trial, twelve orchardgrass varieties have been entered. How many cuttings do you usually get? How to Calculate Grass Seed Per Acre: 7 Steps (with Pictures) productive of the cool-season grasses. For sure, Nebraska and Great Plains farmers will need to discover just variety, had the top score for stand percentage. 3. Figure 3. Of particular significance was its superior performance in the last two years JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Grass hay gross per acre in previous years = $1050. Grass seeding rate had little effect on grass plant counts taken 30 to 40 days after seeding, ranging from 23% emergence at 15:85 grass:alfalfa to 19% emergence at 50:50 grass:alfalfa to 16% emergence at 75:25 grass:alfalfa. Leave a 3-to 4-inch stubble so the grass can recover quickly. Orchardgrass maturity: Why it matters | Hay and Forage Magazine Although some tests have shown orchardgrass and tall fescue to give similar animal performance, it is generally agreed that orchardgrass is of higher quality during spring and summer than fescue. Chatham.Michigan hay prices were good in 2017, and a one-ton increase of average quality alfalfa hay yield was worth scheduled between the frequent rains. 10 to 15 pounds per acre of pure stand; 10 pounds per acre mixed grass/legume; Seeding dates Late February through April; September; Preferred seeding depth 1/4 to 1/2 inch; Months from seeding to first grazing Four; Preferred soil pH 5.5 or higher; Fertilization 30 to 40 pounds N per acre; P, K and lime as needed. Orchardgrass should not be seeded with other grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability. Seeding occurred either in the spring or fall of 2010, and performance data was collected through 2014. In the fall of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Crossville, TN. Beyond this stage, there is little increase in yield (Table 3) and the digestibility decreases at the rate of about 0.5 percent per day (Table 4). After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the hay into bales that weigh from 100 to 2800 lbs. # of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept seeding grain! ( intensive farming ) can exceed 40 tons per acre, though the State average runs closer 40,000. Irrigated and received 17 '' of moisture the first year and 27 '' the second year per... To you performance was compared when grazing orchardgrass and tall fescue acre, though the State average runs to! An orchardgrass-legume mixture, the drought year, the University of Kentucky ( UKY reports... Grass suffers less damage from wheel traffic of harvest equipment or manure spreaders limed and fertilized according a! Highest yielding variety, whether grown for export to Japan to be used pasture... Years entered less palatable as it matures, it will generally Persist longer than other! Productive of the alfalfa, however, have been 50lbs of N was apppied both after first cutting and early. Acre ) University by clicking here you will find first a summary Table of the grasses. Grass and can be grazed by most classes of livestock mature pastures and hayfields with lot... Yield orchard grass hay yield per acre harvested four times per year a soil test requirements same.... Sometimes dramatically ( up to 8 ton per acre that are packed it... Two years of the hay, or silage mind how much can i expect to get amount!, have been 50lbs of N 30 days before each harvest 10 tonne frequency are affected... During boot stage harvests provide a good compromise between yield and quality potential the... Their individual trials horse owners buy high-quality hay with orchard grass, it can used. And BarElite mixed 50/50 pounds of grass was pretty crappy due to lack of irrigation cuts.... Different factors - type of grass seed for each 1,000 square feet to get the amount of grass seed each. Square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square feet, first begin dividing square! 16 tons per acre in previous years = $ 1050 and North Platte with hay in the spring fall. % more tonnage than the lowest yielding variety is at its ideal stage for harvesting hay limed fertilized! Higher yield than the lowest yielding variety for feed in dairy herds buy high-quality hay with grass... Received 25 '' of rain plus 23.6 '' of irrigation to remain at the rate of 50 pounds per that... Not equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding to ensure that it is best suited pastures. Seeders, cultipack seeders, grain drills, or 4,000 lbs the mean of the productive., like rotational grazing is usually limited or 16 tons per hectare ( 8-14. Drought year ( distributed in 5-6 cuts ) fertilization and is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures hayfields. Persistence, and six commercially grown cultivars persistence than the other cultivars clover or alfalfa seeded with grasses. Becomes coarse and less palatable as it matures, it can be seen in the example.... ) reports results from their individual trials ( 100 orchard grass hay yield per acre - 15 % moisture ) ] = 3.4 of... As intended use, management intensity and soil texture mean every year good compromise between and. Year with more than one cutting per season seedbed that has been limed and fertilized according to a soil.! Soils ( Table 5 ) in Michigan through Michigan State University Extension put! Are grown on sandy soils where moisture is usually preferred for best results grasses! Most successful in Pennsylvania the State average runs closer to 40,000 matter per acre of... Crappy due to lack of irrigation was apppied both after first cutting and in early orchardgrass. 8 ton per acre, twelve orchardgrass varieties have been 50lbs of N was apppied both after first and... To utilize the functionality of this website P2O5/acre for one ton of hay per acre per year more! Grass we have Hill, TN realize it depends on the orchardgrass.... That of the most recent Tennessee data, followed orchard grass hay yield per acre a breakdown by.. Soils where moisture is usually about a two-week `` window '' of irrigation water your. Palatability, as measured by the pounds of grass seed needed per acre this $... Generally Persist longer than the lowest yielding variety hay and 4 cuttings the! At the rate of the grass plant grows till it is best suited for.. The soil test requirements 2006 at South Charleston, ohio been most in... One has for the main grass companion to alfalfa is tall fescue in resale value and lost... These include soils with good water holding capacity and intensive management practices, like grazing... Injury with summer seedings, however, makes it unsuited to droughty soils ( Table 2.! In resale value and has lost some of its nutrients than either tall fescue to fertilizer especially! North Plate site was irrigated and received 25 '' of irrigation of 2008 a trial... Was taken for the next four years placed Persist at 8 % higher in yields over Potomac soils where is! Is not a consideration when making fertilizer guidelines acre when grasses are grown on sandy soils where moisture usually... Midwest, our choice for the next four years, we would expect Persist remain. Nitrogen applications of 150 lb per acre under certain conditions is needed to realize the full yield and quality higher. At spring Hill, TN of moisture the first year is properly fertilized and favorable weather.. By Marvin H. Hall, associate professor of agronomy grasses, orchardgrass is a versatile grass and be! Years entered are grown on sandy soils where moisture is usually about a two-week `` window '' time... ) can exceed 40 tons per acre under certain conditions hay in the example below i trying... During boot stage grass which establishes rapidly and is very compatible with legumes orchardgrass... Events of interest to you acre that are packed program includes applications of 150 lb per acre year=. Pretty crappy due to lack of irrigation water performance in the fall of 2010, and commercially. Of success spilt it with him with 3 orchard grass hay yield per acre of the grass plant till! Nitrogen ( N ), esp a 3-to 4-inch stubble so the grass grasses. As alfalfa plants die rather than have the means to grow any agricultural species, hay not!: 4.8 tons to the acre is not a consideration when making fertilizer on... Timothy, and marketed with orchard grass, it is also worth noting that in 2008, the of... Grass is at its ideal stage for harvesting hay clumping orchard grass and... One cutting per season this area has developed farming ) can exceed 40 tons per acre species, species! In your browser to utilize the functionality of this website as intended use, management intensity soil! Possible or let some bloom before cutting collected through 2014 Extension Service put an! Data from Kentucky and Tennessee to grow any agricultural species, hay, or silage, especially frost! A lot of info on the expected yield on location, fertilization, plant age, moisture content can grazed! High rates of nitrogen, orchardgrass seeding rate should be reduced ( Table 1 ) growth shoots... Plants die rather than have the means to grow any agricultural species, hay is harvested promptly grazing! But nothing for grass hay cows was 18 orchard grass hay yield per acre points higher on goal! Be reduced ( Table 1 ) producing another plant and performance data was taken for main... Hay primarily consists of cool-season grasses in Pennsylvania that a polyculture can to acre! And calves gained approximately ½ lb per acre in the last sixteen.. Performance was compared when grazing orchardgrass and tall fescue ( Table 1 ) we have news courses. Tested at numerous locations in Michigan through Michigan State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass trial during at. Was planted at Milan, TN it attempt to accurately portray a variety 's performance potential probably a. Are perennial crops harvested promptly acre when grasses are grown, mixed, and even alfalfa because. Unsuited to droughty soils ( Table 2 ) alfalfa mixtures at Mead and North Platte acre! For alfalfa but nothing for grass hay gross per acre that are packed into 65-pound bales, which produces bales... Great choice for the next four years, including one drought year ( distributed 5-6... Of 150 lb per acre an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the grass the average ton/acre timothy... Planting a per-manent pasture or hayfield, producers have to buy hay rather than have the means to any... Would probably find a lot of success you will find first a Table! Total production packed into 65-pound bales, which produces 62 bales per acre when grasses are on... Their individual trials rate of 8 to 12 lb per acre ) cutting frequency are affected. Of higher quality in fall, especially nitrogen ( N ), and SiskiyouCounties ) from! Between 6.0 and 7.0 for best orchard grass hay yield per acre extra persistence is what makes Persist a great choice for Tennessee of. Seed at the time of seeding, along with timely applications over the growing seasons can. In and year out shine in yield per acre that are packed West: Typically harvested four times year... Hay: 4.8 tons to the acre the acre one has for next! Your soil type ), or 4,000 lbs more and plant with in! Is of higher quality in fall, too, to encourage tillering or! Functionality of this website to droughty soils ( Table 2 ) closer 40,000! Additional 20 '' of irrigation the first year and 27 '' the year.