Broad leaf dock top, curly dock bottom. New basal rosettes of leaves form in early winter. As with other docks, it is often considered a weed of arable and disturbed ground, although it may be left alone on grazing land as extra herbage. Curled dock has tall flower spikes with … Younger plants tend to have foliage with less curly margins. Caution: The leaves usually contain high levels of oxalic acid. Seeds are triangular, glossy, and reddish brown at maturity. Curly dock leaves are lance shaped; those of red sorrel leaves are arrow shaped. Flowering occurs primarily in June. Click on a link or image below to view the complete guide. Emerging leaf margins are rolled underneath the blade. Yellow dock is an ingredient in some herbal toothpastes. Curly dock inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed areas. For those who need to know precisely and with absolute certainty which plant they're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name. It is a member of the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae. Curly dock has a mild flavor, a subtly sour note, and a pleasant texture, making it a very versatile ingredient in the kitchen. This plant is about 2-3 ft. wide and tall and starting growing in my backyard in Georgia, zone 7, USA this summer. Plants may be poisonous to livestock when ingested in quantity. Michigan State University has a detailed profile of non-chemical management for curly dock. Identification and Life Cycle. Curly dock seedlings vary in color, from entirely green to red tinged in cooler months. Flower parts that adhere to the fruit of curly dock can be toothed or have tubercles. Stem leaves are alternate, subtended by an ocrea, and reduced in both number and size compared with basal leaves. Curly Dock looks just what it sounds like; the leaves are narrow and curl along the edges, they are about 15 to 30cm long and get shorter and smaller as they grow closer to the top of the plant. Varieties and Subspecies of Curly Dock Photo by New York’s Integrated Pest Management program. Leaves: Leaves are shiny, progressively becoming more reddish purple through the season. Broad-leaved dock, on the other hand, has fatter leaves. Curly dock Rumex crispus L.. Family: Polygonaceae (Smartweed family) Life cycle: Perennial, reproducing by seed Native status: Introduced Habitat: Pastures, roadsides, low maintenance turf, waste areas General description: Basal rosette of elongated leaves (up to 12 in long) with wavy margins.Leaves are a dull green. Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources The fruiting stem dies back in mid to late summer, and the fruits and stems turn a distinctive rusty brown. Stems are solitary or occur in small groups from the root crown. Contact Webmaster, © 2016 Regents of the University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Besides curly dock, broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is the main species that’s eaten. Curly dock (Rumex crispus), also known as sour dock, yellow dock, narrowleaf dock, or curled dock, is a perennial weed native to Europe, Asia, and parts of Africa.Curly dock was introduced into the U.S., possibly arriving as a seed contaminant in the early 1600’s when the British brought crops and cattle to New England 1. Exotic species include Curled Dock ( R. crispus ), Clustered Dock ( R. conglomeratus ), Fiddle Dock ( R. pulcher ) and Broad-leaf Dock ( R. obtusifolius ). A stout, somewhat branched, yellow taproot may extend as deep as 4 feet, with side branches up to 3 feet long. Fruits are covered with a papery, three-winged membrane with veins. Also, their leaves may be slightly rounder and broader than those of mature curly dock plants. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page The Latin name Rumex crispus was given by Linnaeus and appears to be the only name used in modern literature. Published: April 13, 2015. Curly dock is invasive in North America, South America, New Zealand, and Australia. Nondiscrimination Statement, Accessibility Mature plant: Emerging perennials produce a robust basal rosette of 15 – 30 cm long leaves with wavy margins. (source) It is a member of the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae. Established plants emerge from the taproot in midspring, producing a robust rosette. Stems are often unbranched below the flower head. Leaves are alternate to one another along the stem. Sequential applications may be necessary for control. Curly dock is also known as yellow dock, narrowleaf dock, sour dock, yaller dock, curled dock, Bitter Dock, Bloodwort, Coffee-weed, Garden-patience, Narrowdock, Out-sting and Winter Dock. Plants may be poisonous to livestock when ingested in quantity. It goes by the common names Yellow Dock and Curly Dock. Curly dock (Rumex crispus L.) is a weed of low-maintenance orchards, nursery crops, landscapes, roadsides, pastures and forage crops. Curly dock (also known as yellow dock, sour dock, and butter dock, as well as other names) is one of the first wild greens ready to harvest in spring. However, in the similar looking red sorrel plant, the flower parts do not have teeth or tubercles. Docks are in the rumex family, and are related to rhubarb and sorrel and oxalis. Curly dock comes from Eurasia, so it's an invasive species here in the Americas. Copper). by Erica Marciniec, www.wildfoodgirl.com Stare out across the empty lots and fields on the outskirts of Denver, Colorado, and you will see scattered clumps of dark green leaves towering above the grass. . Rumex obtusifolius is widely distributed throughout the world. Curly dock is an herbaceous perennial with tall, erect stems. In its native range, different parts of curly dock are used as food and/or medicine. This ugly weed is curly dock, and when the plant is in its mature reddish-brown phase, it isn’t dead; in fact, curly dock can seem nearly impossible to kill. The genus name 'Rumex' refers to a noun meaning acid. See comparisons of horseradish and curly dock below: horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) The one-seeded fruit (achene) is triangular in cross-section, smooth, glossy, and reddish brown. Curly dock (also called "curled dock" or "yellow dock") is more than just distinctive, it's also useful: curly dock serves as a home remedy to treat stinging nettle burns--though it can be toxic to consume. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. A papery sheath surrounds the stem at each node. Flowers have greenish sepals that become reddish brown at maturity. It is found throughout California up to an elevation of 8200 feet (2500 m). Curly dock grows throughout the US and southern Canada. This dock has large, broad heart-shaped leaves, unlike the long, narrow leaves of curly dock. Native species include Slender Dock (Rumex brownii), Wiry Dock (R. dumosus), Mud Dock (R. bidens) and Glistening Dock (R. crystallinus). The leaves of curly dock are hairless, long and narrow, and often have wavy or curly edges—which is where it gets its common name. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) is a non-native forb in the buckwheat or smartweed family (Polygonaceae).   You'll be able to identify curly dock by its greenish blossoms that cluster long thin flower stocks. [citation needed] Distribution and habitat. Curly Dock Curly dock may also be called yellow dock, sour dock, or narrowleaf dock, depending on where they are purchased. Flowering stem has a few leaves and reaches heights of 3 ft. Uva R H, Neal J C, DiTomaso J M. 1997. Non-chemical control:  Michigan State University has a detailed profile of non-chemical management for curly dock. Curly dock was introduced into the U.S., possibly arriving as a seed contaminant in the early 1600’s when the British brought crops and cattle to New England 1. For noncommercial purposes only, any Web site may link directly to this page. Identification and control options for weeds common to turf, agriculture, and gardens in New York; uses a very simple decision tree to identify your weed. Curly dock's anthraquinones stimulate the areas in the brain that are responsible for regulating peristalsis - the movement of the intestines - giving the herb a laxative … This wild edible has a patter that makes identification a breeze. Although similar to red sorrel, Rumex acetosella, the mature plant has stout stems, whereas red sorrel has slender red stems. As soon as you catch a whiff of spring, you’ll start to see dock. Leaves are hairless. The attribute 'crispus' means curled, which alludes to the curly and wavy leaves of this species, as does the common name 'curled dock'. This perennial plant is not usually a problem in cultivated row crops. Curly dock, a perennial broadleaf plant, usually grows in wet areas and is frequently associated with overwatering or standing water in low areas. It is found throughout California up to an elevation of 8200 feet (2500 m). Curly dock (Rumex crispus): learn and get advice on how to grow, care, sow, dibble, associate, plant, water, mulch, repot, propagate, reap, check on, identify. But the leaf shape is highly variable, both on a single plant, and from plant to plant. Photo by Bruce Ackley of Ohio State University, via Bugwood.org. Ditches, roadsides, wetlands, pastures, agronomic crop fields (especially those in perennial crops like alfalfa), orchards, disturbed, unmanaged sites, and disturbed m… Flowers are visible nearly year-round. Basal leaves can be as long as 12 inches and around 2 ½ inches wide; the leaves become smaller as they ascend the stem. Today's featured plant is Curly Dock, Rumex crispus. Subscribe (RSS) The seed is enclosed within the fruit, a papery or corky 3-winged triangular structure. Dock is from the Old English docce meaning a coarse weedy herb. Stems are erect and 1 to 4 feet tall. sour dock yellow dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. They suggest chopping the plant a couple inches below ground, or any cultivation practice that will chop and bury the plant’s taproot. As a member of the buckwheat family, the plant has a characteristic membranous sheath at the leaf base and usually swollen stem joints (nodes). The first few leaves are egg shaped to football shaped with a rounded tip and a tapered base. Cornell University’s Turf and Landscape weed identification app provides recommendations for chemical management of curly dock. Learning how to identify broad leaf dock is important for successful foraging. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) is a hardy perennial weed found in most American gardens that is anchored by a branched taproot. The Insect Tablehas a more complete list of insects that feed on Curly Dock and other dock species. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) is a member of the diverse Polygonaceae family, which encompasses 1,200 species, including trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs, such as buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) and rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum). Uprooting plants, chopping and then burying the taproots will control curly dock. Curly dock (Rumex crispus L.) Life Cycle: Simple perennial. Flowers are in clusters (15 -60 cm long) on narrowly spaced branches on the upper portions of the elongating stem. This plant is instantly recognizable, and one of the ones that seem to "Spring up everywhere" once you know what it looks like! Curly dock Curly dock (Rumex crispus L.) is a weed of low-maintenance orchards, nursery crops, landscapes, roadsides, pastures and forage crops. Seeds may be dispersed by wind and water. This plant is also known as curled dock, narrow dock and curly leaf dock. The leaves, stem, and seeds of broad-leaved dock can be eaten like those of curly dock, but the root does not have the same medicinal qualities. Stems are smooth and sometimes ridged. This plant is also known as curled dock, narrow dock and curly leaf dock. Curly dock is an herbaceous perennial with tall, erect stems. The aerial parts are a food source and the roots have strong medicinal values. Ditches, roadsides, wetlands, pastures, agronomic crop fields (especially those in perennial crops like alfalfa), orchards, disturbed, unmanaged sites, and disturbed moist places. Curly dock grows throughout the US and southern Canada. Contact UC IPM, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, © 2016 Regents of the University of California Curly dock (Rumex crispus) is a non-native forb in the buckwheat or smartweed family (Polygonaceae). An ocrea surrounds the stem at the base of the petiole. Learning how to identify broad leaf dock is important for successful foraging. Stems turn red-brown at maturity and often p… Seeds germinate from late spring through early fall producing seedlings. Acknowledgements Curly dock is called curly dock because it tends to have wavy leaf margins. Flowers/Fruit: Plants flowers primarily in June, but also throughout the summer. sour dock yellow dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Curled Dock refers to the curled or wavy edges of the leaves and it membership of the Dock genus. Curly dock inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed areas. The succulent cotyledons (seed leaves) are three times longer than they are wide, have a somewhat rounded tip, and a stalk about as long or longer than the leaf blade. Photo by Thayne Tuason. Lower leaves are longer and more rounded than the stem leaves. Curly dock stands erect and grows 2 to 5 feet (0.6 to 1.5 m) tall. Curled dock has slender leaves, usually tapering to a point and with wavy margins. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) is a perennial native to Europe, Asia and parts of Africa. Unfortunately, we cannot provide individual solutions to specific pest problems. Curly Dock RumexCrispus, commonly referred to as “Curly Dock”, is a safe selection for a snack if you’re in a tight spot with limited to no other edible options. The go-to for weed ID in the Northeast; look for a new edition sometime in 2019. Weeds of the Northeast. (Note that burdock is a different plant entirely.) Weed Identification and Control Library We've chosen the most common weeds found in lawns and gardens, and provided the essential information you need for identifying and managing them. Curly dock has wings of the fruit which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves. Curly dock cotyledon and first leaf. New green leaves that emerge in spring often are tinged with red. Also, their leaves may be slightly rounder and broader than those of mature curly dock … The flowering stem is loosely branched and green, non-showy flowers cluster along its upper portion in a whorl. Curly dock stem, stem leaves, and seeds. Get Flash Player Mowing will prevent seed production and reduce top growth. Get PDF Reader Leaves are alternate to one another along the stem forming a rosette. But the leaf shape is highly variable, both on a single plant, and from plant to plant. It's fairly easy to identify, and grows abundantly throughout all of non-Arctic North America. 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