Silymarin counteracts the toxic effects of a wide variety of liver poisons, including alcohol, carbon tetrachloride (used widely in the dry-cleaning industry) acetaminophen and the death cap mushroom, which can cause death within a day. Ingredient Type:Botanical, Extract Also Known As: Silybum marianum extract, Silymarin, Mary thistle extract, Holy thistle extract Silybum marianum or milk thistle is a plant from the Asteraceae family, native to Southern Europe, parts of the Middle East, and Northern Africa. Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Botanical Monographs The seed of the Milk Thistle ( Silybum marianum ) plant was considered a specific for stitches in the side. St. Louis, MO 63110 USA. To retrieve all information on milk thistle (Silybum marianum), including data published post-approval, use the all studies query. Powdered milk thistle extract United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard; CAS Number: 84604-20-6; Synonym: Silybum marianum extract, Milk thistle extract; find USP-1443850 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical documents, similar products & more at Sigma-Aldrich. Herbal Monograph. Silybum marianum(L.) Gaertn. Silybum marianum is a member of the daisy family (Asteraceae) and is native to the Mediterranean. It has been naturalized in South America, North America, and Southern Australia and requires warm, dry soil to grow (1). This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. In Germany, milk thistle seed extracts have been marketed for many years. ♦ provide a model monograph as a basis for countries and researchers to develop further monographs on good agricultural and collection practices (GACP) for other medicinal plants; ♦ protect the wild resources of medicinal plants, in particular Artemisia annua L., to ensure their sustainable use. The Legalon extract of Silybum marianum is known as MZ 80 and has been extensively researched over the past few decades to support liver health. Out of scope information includes radiopharmaceuticals, contrast media, herbals, homeopathics, and food. Modern Medicinal Use. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertner, fructus extract (according to HMPC Monograph) Other Notes Certified for the analytes listed below. Generic Name: strychnos nux-vomica seed, silybum marianum seed, silicon dioxide, potassium phosphate, dibasic and sodium sulfate Dosage Form: tablet Disclaimer: This homeopathic product has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration for safety or efficacy. Saller R, Brignoli R, Melzer J, Meier R. An updated systematic review with meta-analysis for the clinical evidence of silymarin. Milk Thistle Monograph: (Silybum marianum) Alternative Medicine Review 1999 (Aug); 4 ( 4): 272–274 ~ FULL TEXT Silybum marianum (milk thistle) has been used for centuries as an herbal medicine for the treatment of liver disease. The white veins found on the leaves were thought to represent the Virgin Mary's milk and therefore was used as a galactagogue . Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a thorny plant presenting decorative leaves with a white pattern of veins and purple flower heads. In a study investigating the effects of this formula, by looking closer at the impact of the single extracts included, found that C. scolymus was able to … [Fam. Silybum marianum has the energetics of a dry temperament, capable of removing obstructions through sweating and cleansing of the pores. Alternative Medicine Review Monographs Silybum marianum Description Silybum marianum (milk thistle) has been used for centuries as an herbal medicine for the treatment of liver disease. Silybum marianum, Silymarin, hepatoprotective remedy, antioxidant Received November 3, 2014. DIDB drug monograph DDI summaries are composed when the drugs are first approved by the FDA and are based on data curated mainly from NDA reviews and drug labels. A 1985 German monograph on the use of Silybum marianum in homeopathy includes indications for diseases of the gall bladder and liver. spotted thistle. 1.2.1 Utilization Accepted for publication January 6, 2015. Plants for a Future Database: Silybum marianum (Plants For A Future, 12 November 2019). The monograph on Silybum marianum (St Mary’s Thistle or Milk Thistle) can be seen listed on the most recent ANPA Newsletter, and I have also attached the full monograph below (with permission from Eta Brand, ANPA President and Editor). It has been studied for use in allergic rhinitis, asthma, cancer treatment–related adverse effects, rheumatoid arthritis, type 2 diabetes, drug-induced hepatotoxicity, drug-induced nephrotoxicity, dyslipidemia, and thalassemia; however clinical trials supporting these uses are limited. Phytother Res. World Health Organization. Ghaffari AR, Noshad H, Ostadi A, et al: The effects of milk thistle on hepatic fibrosis due to methotrexate in rat. 2. To be specified for the individual finished product. Name of the medicinal product. * Traditional Health Benefits of Milk Thistle. Silybin predominates, followed by silydianin and silychristin. Qualitative and quantitative composition 1, 2 2: Fructus Silybi Mariae. Milk thistle, Silybum marianum, is a tall edible plant and a member of the Aster family. [2–4] Silybum marianum contains silymarin, which is composed of the flavanolignans silybin, silydianin, and silychristine, with silybin being the most biologically active. Silybum marianum Common name: Milk Thistle. Herbal monograph for Milk thistle includes parts used, how to use as an herbal medicine, dosage and contraindications. Silybum marianum. Silybum marianum Milk Thistle. It is a stout, annual or biennial plant which can reach heights of 6 feet. See certificate for values and more details Phytochemicals: Silybin A+B (quantitative); Silicristin, Silidianin, Isosilibinin A, Isosilibinin B (qualitative) 2005. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Milk thistle herbal preparations are produced from the seeds of Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. The fruit is a strongly compressed, elongate-obovate achene, about 6 to 8 mm long, 3 mm broad and 1.5 mm thick. Family: Asteraceae Part used: Fruit/Seed Constituents: Flavolignans (silymarin complex), flavonoids, volatile oil, bitter principle, mucilage Actions: Cholagogue, hepatic, hepatoprotective & hepatorestorative, galactagogue, demulcent Medical uses: Research has shown that it promotes the regeneration of diseased liver cells and protects them … It has a shiny brown stem, 1-3 feet high, with several branches and prickly thorns. variegated thistle. Silymarin also contains fatty acids 5 and a flavanone dihydroquercetin (taxifolin), 6 also credited with medicinal effects. CARDUUS MAR- silybum marianum seed pellet Out of scope - Out of scope for RxNorm and will not receive RxNorm normal forms. Research suggests that it can help protect liver cells against day-to-day toxins and damage. Silybum marianum has been found to offer protective benefit against substances including carbon tetrachloride, ethanol, paracetamol-induced liver peroxidation cyclosporin, phenothiazine, a butyrophenone, erythromycin, amitriptyline and nortriptyline oestradiol, Amanita phalloides, tacrine, Iron overload [3]. Asteraceae] OVERVIEW Milk thistle preparations have been used in European medicine for over 2,000 years for the treatment of liver diseases. ... Much of the modern day research has been conducted in Germany where it is an approved herb in The German Commission E Monographs. Plant Finder Database: Silybum marianum (Plant Finder, 12 November 2019). 2. 2006;20(12):1036-9. European Union herbal monograph on Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn., fructus 1. Missouri Botanical Garden. Silybum marianum – St Mary’s Thistle Monograph (PDF link) Great work Maureen, and again, congratulations! Silybum marianum is a BIENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. Silymarin includes the individual flavonolignans silybin A and silybin B (two isomers, together referred to as silibinin 4), isosilybin A and isosilybin B (two isomers), silydianin, and silychristin. Clinical Studies on Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum[L.] Gaertner) (cont.) These herbs include Cynara scolymus, Taraxacum officinale, Silybum marianum, and Peumus boldus. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. Beauty & Radiance Support, Digestive Support, Liver & Cleanse Support. Silybum marianum is a medicinal plant whose therapeutic his-tory dates back to 2000 years ago and was used as a hepatopro-tective medication to treat jaundice and enlarged liver and spleen. Devon EX7 9LX England. The efficacy of Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Silymarin is found in highest concentrations in the fruit portion of the plant but is also found in the leaves and seeds. The plant originates from mountains of the Mediterranean region, where it forms scrub on a rocky base. Halitonic. Silybum marianum . The mechanisms of action of Silymarin are as follows: Milk thistle has been investigated for its anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and CNS effects. Intensive research in the hepatoprotectant (liver protecting) effects of milk thistle began about 40 years ago. Milk thistle can grow to be over 10 … Formulations made with the seed of the plant are used to address biliary digestive complaints, toxic liver damage, and supportive treatment in chronic inflammatory liver disease and hepatic dirrhosis. It is a remedy for vertigo, deafness, stomach cramps, brain fog, intestinal worms and inflammation of the liver. milk thistle. Plant Description: Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum) is generally found in dry, rocky soils in southern and western Europe and is commonly seen in California. blessed milkthistle. In the U.S. in 2000, milk thistle ranked 11th in sales of all herbal products sold in food, drug, and mass market outlets, reaching about $9 million in retail sales. (silymarin) in the treatment of type II diabetes: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants, Vol. Milk thistle is considered a weed by most gardeners because of how fast it grows. The fruit of the milk thistle plant (Silybum marianum, family As- teraceae/Compositae) has been a liver support remedy for 2,000 years.1The standardized extract known as silymarin contains three flavonoids of the flavonol subclass. Preliminary evidence suggests milk thistle may reduce side effects such as hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, radiation-induced mucositis and dermatitis, … Its use for liver disorders dates back to Pliny the Elder, a Roman naturalist, who described Female organs ) and is native to the Mediterranean region, where it is in leaf all year in! 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